Orwell (1903-1950) was an English writer most known for Animal Farm and the dystopian 1984. A self-described socialist, Orwell was clear-eyed about the dangers of authoritarian socialisms in Germany and Russia. In this 1940 review of The Totalitarian Enemy by Franz Borkenau, Orwell weighs the socialist credentials of Adolf Hitler’s National Socialists.
Read Orwell’s review of The Totalitarian Enemy here. Summary by Stephen Hicks, 2020.